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2.1 Introduction to Research Philosophy and Methodology

This chapter outlines the case for using a practice-based research approach (Evans, 2009, Hawkins, 2015), the broad theoretical background within which the creative methods utilised fit, the method of implementation and the strengths and limitations with each, also explaining the inter-relationship between the chosen methods and their suitability for answering the research objectives outlined in section 1.2.

In order to work towards enabling the “understanding of understanding” (Mintzes and Novak, 2005, p.42) and exploring the epistemology and ontology of the thesis and practice- based research, the ten stage Vee heuretic approach (Wheeldon, 2012) represents a useful tool to explain the reasoning behind the development of the work, and the presentation of the thesis structure, show in Figure 1 below:

Figure 1- The Vee Heuretic


Source: Vee heuretic approach (Wheeldon and Åhlberg, 2012)

As an example, because my approach to research is always informed by deep reflection, the development of the hidden heritage typology (table 1) was only developed informed by the reading around cultural issues and policy, carried out before authoring the thesis. Similarly, conclusions in chapter six (conclusions and knowledge, stages 8 and 9) could only be developed after a period of extensive reading (theory, stage 3) coupled with reflection on my own experience as a heritage practitioner (my values, stage 2). The Vee Heuretic approach also reflects my PhD timeline, in that I did not carry out any workshops (stage 6,

implementing) until I had decided which methods to use (planning, up to stage 5), which were informed by desire to use an ethical approach (value, stage 2) informed by theory and concepts learned in the reading (stages 2 to 5) to decide how to address the objections and make conclusions (stage 8).

Steps one to five of the Vee Heuretic are developed within this chapter; collectively these represent the planning stages of the Vee Heuretic model. Step six of the model (implementation and data) are explained within the practice-based portfolio of the thesis and in chapters 3 and 4. Chapter 5 and 6 cover stages eight to ten of the Vee Heuretic model.