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The following definition offers a useful taster of the elements which make up the character of place:

The term ‘place’ goes beyond physical form, to involve all the characteristics that can contribute to a ‘sense of place’. It embraces the idea that places, of any size from a bollard to a building, an historic area, a town, or a region, need to be understood and managed at different levels for different purposes; and that a particular geographical location can form part of several overlapping ‘places’ defined by different characteristics (English Heritage, 20018, p.14)

If a place is to be city of culture, the nature of that place (and overlapping places contained within it) needs to be explored and explained, the UK City of Culture guidance specifically asks that bids “are distinctive and representative of the area – building on what the area has to offer and its existing assets” (DCMS, 2017, p.4).

The meaning of place changes over time, some researchers argue that “places should not be idealised as static, but conceived of as processes” (Trower, 2011, p.13). Creative methods of

research can assist in capturing a snapshot of a place in time (Garrett, 2011), and record or archive these for future exploration (Pietrobruno, 2013).